Anti-Human Trafficking

Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. Two thirds of this figure ($99 billion) is generated from commercial sexual exploitation, while another $51 billion results from forced economic exploitation, including domestic work, agriculture and other economic activities.

Nigeria remains a source, transit and destination country when it comes to human trafficking.  With respect to the Global Slavery Index   (2018) Report, Nigeria ranks 32/167 of the countries with the highest number of slaves – 1,386,000. In 2016 the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) reported that 75% of those who were trafficked within Nigeria are trafficked across states, while 23% were trafficked within states. Only 2% of those who are trafficked are trafficked outside the country. It is the third most common crime in Nigeria after drug trafficking and economic fraud (UNESCO, 2006).  The general factors that increase vulnerability to trafficking in Nigeria include extreme poverty, corruption, conflict, climate change resulting in migration, and western consumerism.

Human trafficking is a high profit, low risk business which allows traffickers to generally operate with impunity. As such, Nigeria has a bigger battle to wage against traffickers and their inhumane activities.

The Salvation Army in order to tackle this scourge and ameliorate its attendant effect embarked upon its Anti-human Trafficking Program in Nigeria, which began in 2017 under the acronym “CAR” i.e. Community Awareness & Prevention Program in Lagos, Edo, Rivers and Akwa-ibom States with the aim of raising awareness/ increasing knowledge within target communities with respect to the menace of human trafficking.

The second phase of implementation in Nigeria commenced in April 2019 under the umbrella acronym “CPR” i.e., Community Prevention & Recovery Program which aims at empowering communities to build resilience against this menace of human trafficking through guided awareness raising strategies and capacity building activities.

The Program consists of three outcomes:

  • Outcome 1{Prevention}: Increased awareness of, and changed attitudes and behaviours towards modern slavery and human trafficking within in-country communities.
  • Outcome 2 {Protection}: Reduced re-trafficking of and increased quality of life for survivors of modern slavery.
  • Outcome 3{Partnership}: Enhanced understanding of modern slavery in-country and best practice response required to address human trafficking in Nigeria.


This involves addressing the factors that increase vulnerability and create demand for human trafficking. Tailored & targeted prevention programs are conducted in the community to promote inclusive participation, thus connecting people to the reality of human trafficking and encouraging changed attitudes and behaviours.

The types of awareness raising models adopted for various target audience include:

  • School Based Outreach Programs through the Anti-human trafficking {AHT} Clubs
  • Community Action Groups
  • Community Meetings
  • Community Dialogues
  • Youth Meetings
  • Women Meetings
  • Faith Based Outreaches
  • Interpersonal Communication {IPC}/home visits by the Anti-human trafficking Champions who are local volunteers within the communities.

Achievements with respect to Prevention

2,560 awareness sessions and home visits reaching 33,519 people.

34,147 Information Education and Communication {IEC} materials have been distributed.

20 trained volunteer Anti-Human Trafficking {AHT} Champions leading local awareness activities in their communities.

75% increase in referrals from project locations.

62% of community members stated they will report incidences to the police, community leaders and NGOs

83% of community members reported level of awareness of human trafficking, recruitment methods and those at risk of trafficking. 59% of parents said they will not send their children to other family or non-family members for upkeep but would keep them in schools and protect their families against human trafficking.

Impact with respect to Prevention

“I didn’t know much about human trafficking apart from what I watched on TV with all these people dying in the sea. It looked like a movie and I didn’t pay attention to it. But through the Salvation Army’s Anti Human Trafficking Project, I now go looking out for these traffickers in my community and make sure every case is reported.”

{Community Leader, Edo State}

We have been seeing and hearing horrible things happening to youths who left this village. With the Salvation Army’s Anti- Human Trafficking Program, we have realised the real problems of human trafficking and know that the traffickers are the ones taking our youths, we now want to help and protect our children from being deceived and trafficked, and that’s why we formed the Community Action Group”

{Councillor, Ivue Community}


Survivor care is also a key aspect of our work as 90% of survivors face the risk of being re-trafficked if not properly managed. Therefore, the program holistically provides protection by strengthening reintegration and rehabilitation of survivors through access to safe and secure accommodation with trained host families, confidential psychological support, routine and emergency medical treatments, professional legal assistance and holistic recovery initiatives which include education, skill acquisition and livelihood support.

Case management sessions are individual/person-centred and survivor-led aimed at empowering survivors to support their reintegration and re-socialization in their community. The Confidentiality, Data protection, Safeguarding Children & Vulnerable Adults policies are essentially woven in to our case management processes to ensure the “DO NO HARM” principle is strictly adhered to while concurrently aligning to the National Policy on Protection & Assistance to Trafficked Persons in Nigeria.

It is essential to note that all recovery support is contributory with expected contributions from clients/family members/community, in order to achieve sustainability and promote a sense of ownership. The Anti- Human Trafficking Program in Nigeria recognises that self-reliance and resilience is a long term goal requiring mentoring, continuous improvement and engagement with individuals. The Program journeys with survivors for at least 12 months, allowing them to build relationships with their respective communities, develop life skills and confidence resulting in improved well-being and safety which are essential indicators in the recovery process.

The Community Based Accommodation Model has received positive feedback in meeting the needs of the survivors, providing value for money and community transformation. Host families have reported increased understanding of human trafficking due to their interactions with survivors. On the other hand, survivors accommodated within the host families provided feedback that the host families provided them with a sense of belonging and parents to look up to as mentors.

Achievements with respect to Protection

  • 100% of those who entered our service have access to improved wellbeing, safety, health and life skills through psychological counselling, legal, medical and spiritual support sessions.
  • 275 survivors accessed individualized recovery support through monitoring, psychosocial counselling, reintegration to risk free locations/communities, education, skill training & livelihood support, job placement, etc. based on their individual strengths and aspiration.
  • 50% of survivor evidenced a safer level of self-reliance and are better positioned to support and provide for their families.
  • 5 Host Families are actively providing accommodation to survivors of trafficking with 64% of the community indicating a willingness to accommodate survivors in their homes.
  • 24 survivors accommodated with Host Families and all provided positive feedback on the supportive and safe nature of the family environment and setting.
  • 100% of all survivors who are receiving support from the project are settled in their communities actively participating in social & educative events.

Impact with respect to Protection

“Since becoming a host family, we have used the trainings we received to teach people within the church and our communities about human trafficking. My wife met a young girl at Ikeja bus-stop: she looked distressed and told my wife she had travelled to meet a man with respect to a job he had offered.

My wife spoke to her about human trafficking and discovered she was vulnerable. We offered accommodation to the young girl before supporting her to return home to her family. Had it not been for the TSA Anti- Human Trafficking Program, we wouldn’t have been in the position to save the young girl.”

{The Salvation Army Officers, Surulere}

I was tricked, trafficked and exploited in Libya. I returned home empty handed with no hope for the future. After attending the Salvation Army meeting in my community, I was able to share my story with the TSA Anti-Human Trafficking Program Staff and that encounter changed my life.

I was supported with welding equipment and a big generator because I used to do welding before and had the skills. I am very happy now. My life and that of my family has changed. My plan is to expand and have a big workshop in order to train and build other people. I say a big thank you to the Salvation Army. I am still in shock of how you have changed my life!”

{Human Trafficking Survivor, Edo State}


Human trafficking/modern day slavery is a syndicated crime as such no singular organisation can tackle it in isolation. The TSA Anti-Human trafficking program in Nigeria values partnership and collaboration as such works with stakeholders at the grassroots, national & international levels.

This participatory approach enhances the identification of synergies, and the sharing of resources, learning and best practices on issues such as case management, awareness raising strategies and data collection processes by organisations. The joint coordination of the Anti-human trafficking task-force with NAPTIP has strengthened survivor identification and referrals thus enabling survivors to access appropriate support in a timely manner. The task-force also provides a platform for channelling information from the grass root level through the AHT champions, leader and local communities to the state level.

Impact & Achievements with respect to Partnership

  • 3 Anti-human trafficking task forces bringing together stakeholders to share best practices, resources and data and better coordinated responses.
  • MOU signed with key stakeholders for effective collaboration.
  • 1 national conference for practitioners, leaders, government officials and CSOs to share learning and best practices.
  • 1 Africa Regional Conference conducted. Practitioners developed practice principles around Prevention, Protection, Partnership, Prosecution, Policy, Participation and Prayer to guide their responses.
  • Research conducted on the Nigerian context to trafficking, identifying key vulnerabilities and risks to trafficking, current response and gaps for effective evidence-based interventions.
  • Trainings delivered to stakeholders on human trafficking, child protection and safeguarding.
  • Implementation of sub-working groups within the taskforces with clear objectives, roles and responsibilities to enhance effective response.

Impact with respect to Partnership

“Human trafficking is a menace which has ripped our communities and economy for many years. Although the government of Nigeria has made progress, it’s very important that other organisations join in with the fight. We are delighted with The Salvation Army for bringing all the actors together. Let us plan and work together to ensure these task-forces remain active and operational with a clear vision.”

{Mr Famakin Joseph, Former Lagos State Zonal Commander, NAPTIP}

If we all work together with a clear vision and commitment, then we can make progress in the fight against human trafficking. In Rivers State, we don’t have resources and knowledge of human trafficking. We requested training so that if we come across victims of trafficking we can identify and refer them to access support from organisations like The Salvation Army and NAPTIP. This training organised by the Salvation Army’s Anti-Human Trafficking Program has been very useful to all of us.”

{Mr Patrick, Green Pastures Initiative, Rivers State}

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